Libro Libros Las venas abiertas de América Latina – doctorio.us
S neither good nor bad it is the result of many factors including technological and scientific advances international business and capital flows and interdependent world markets pg 158 Vargas Llosa succinctly writes Obstaculos al desarrollo nacionalismo populismo indigenismo corrupcion Obstacles to development nationalism populism indigenism corruption Indeed Latin America has been ill served by its governments often the legacy of colonial Spain and stillborn reforms of Juarez Bolivar and well meaning others Latin America has had far too many right wing dictators and military juntas it also experienced Peronist and Cardenas style Leftist populism More recently we saw the failure of Chavez and Maduro in Venezuela who incredibly brought shortages and economic depression during an era of record oil prices to the nation holding the world s largest oil reserves For decades rafts floated one direction in the Florida Straight away from Cuba Galeano never says a word about Latin Americans living in the United States Is there not a lesson in the economic success of America s 70 million Hispanics who enjoy a higher standard of living than Hispanics anywhere in Latin America Take a Mexican or Cuban or Colombian and put him in New York City or Miami and he tends to thrive Same people same culture but a very different economic and political system Vargas Llosa thought Peru could learn from Asian Tigers democratic capitalist engines like South Korea I do not uibble for a moment about the horrors of early Spanish colonization Yet Latin America is not the only place that was colonized even brutally and dwelling on 500 years ago won t improve today Korea succeeded despite Japan s far recent colonialization of that peninsulaLatin America needs the rule of law The mordida lives and breeds cynicism allowing narco cartels and criminal gangs to thrive from Venezuela to Tijuana Mexico needs to stop scaring its entrepreneurs into migrating to the United States Mexican Americans are about 25 times likely to own their own business at least a legally registered one than their relatives back in Mexico Latin America needs property rights another Peruvian Hernando de Soto has written interestingly about the virtual impossibility of poor suatters in taking out even the most modest loan which helped lead to the current popularity of microloans in developing nations Latin America needs better education and learning focused in STEM science technology engineering mathematics The continent has produced many great novelists and muralists but Latin America would benefit from its own Bill Gates Michael Dells Jeff Bezos and Sergey Brins It is telling that Latin America s richest man Carlos Slim while a skillful businessman succeeded in the shadowy world of Latin American telecomm privatizations Latin America has a few notable colleges but it cannot even begin to compare to United States RD eg Caltech Stanford MIT Harvard Johns Hopkins and most any large land grant university India by comparison created an excellent STEM program in the campuses of its Indian Institute of TechnologyGaleano s solutions to Latin American problems are Marxism and protectionism Sadly filling the continent with socialist strongmen like Hugo Chavez would lead to another 500 years of pain and backwardness in Latin America When Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez presented President Obama with a copy of Eduardo Galeano s Open Veins of Latin America during a summit meeting in 2009 the intellectually gouty noise machine of the bourgeoisie began to flap its collective jowls calling the gift an insult to America and Obama s acceptance of it a sign of his acuiescence to communist influences The truths contained in the gift were essentially ignored by the right wind punditry because truth and history have no place in the circus of sound bite chicanery not when the mainstream media is little than a clown car of corporate maleficence whose acuiescence in the plunder and economic repression of Latin America continues unabated the media s boosting of NAFTA for instance is an excellent example of imperialistic
mechanisms at workOriginally published in the early 70s Open Veins of Latin America is an at workOriginally published in the early 70s Open Veins of Latin America is an written vivid examination of five centuries of genocide theft and political interference by European and American economic interests And while Galeano writes with passion and artistry his history is not the hysterical harangue the noise machine would have us believe The book is well researched and documented but Galeano s intensity and is well researched and documented but Galeano s intensity and as a writer adds gravitas to the irrefutable evidence he presents a thing the noise machine cannot abide They fear his elouence but their attempt to invalidate the book through misdirection using the threadbare histrionics of anti "communism failed Open Veins of Latin America is a powerful rejoinder to "failed Open Veins of Latin America is a powerful rejoinder to stupidity and greed inherent in international corporatism both past and present Incredibly informative well researched and thought out book that provides context into how Latin America got to the state it is in today This is an agonizingly lucid account of the of colonisation and depredation of a continent Beginning with the continuing genocide of the native population seguing into the advent of slavery and its replacement with hunger wages for the same back breaking or in the case of the mines lung destroying work as the slaves were forced to carry out and concluding with the neocolonial extraction of Latin American resources by the USA and Europe whatever Latin America makes he argues its main export is cheap labour Corporate vampires and their helpers the US government local dictators the IMF and World Bank are thoroughly indicted Galeano also takes care to mention the many uprisings and resistance fighters and the violence they were met with and also success stories like Cuba Essential readingThere are always politicians and technocrats ready to show that the invasion of industrialising foreign capital benefits the area invaded In this version the new model imperialism comes on a geuinely civilizing mission is a blessing to the dominated countries and the true love declarations by the dominant power of the moment are its real intentions Guilty consciences are ths relieved of the need for alibis for no one is guilty today s imperialism radiates techology and progress and even the use of this old unpleasant word to define it is in bad taste But when imperialism begins exalting its own virtues we should take a look in our pockets We find that the new model does not make its colonies prosperous although it enriches their poles of development it does not ease social and regional tensions but aggravates them it spreads poverty even widely and concentrates wealth even narrowly it pays wages twenty times lower than in Detroit and charges prices three times higher than in New York it takes over the internal market and the mainsprings of the productive apparatus it assumes proprietary rights to chart the course and fix the frontiers of progress it controls national credit and orients external trade at its whim it denationalises not only industry but the profits earned by industry it fosters the waste of resources by diverting a large part of the economic surplus abroad it does not bring in capital for investment but takes it out I read this book out of curiosity and interest in Latin America I was advised that it was just rant or left wing rant but decided to see for myself I came away with this as. Europe Weaving fact imagery into a rich tapestry he fuses scientific analysis with the passions of a plundered suffering people An immense gathering of materials is framed with a vigorous style that never falters in its command of themes All readers interested in great historical economic political social writing will find a singular analytical achievement an overwhelming narrative that makes history speak unforgettab. For the past month I have been collecting my thoughts and writing them out and putting them into paragraphs and shaping those paragraphs into a longer article of some sort But nothing has yet coalesced into a thing I would call a review or even a passable reflection This book has left me with a complicated bundle of thoughts and they seem to still transcend the pleasant shaping of words and punctuation into sentences and sentences into paragraphs and paragraphs into something that communicates an appreciation of some piece of work But here I go again Back at the well feeling somehow obliged to make something good out of this scramble of thoughtsPart of my problem is that this book has me caught between three worlds that I have a hard time bringing together The first world is the social democrat and dedicated activist who is particularly concerned by the wrath of economic ineuality in the world and how it is perpetuated by capitalism The second world is that of the historian my field and the thing that I call my profession when I am asked what it is even if I make my money in other ways the thing which nourishes my understanding of the world the thing which gets me excited and impassioned about the world The third world is that of the reader who hopes that a few nice words put together in the right nice order will produce something greater than the sum of its parts and that as a reader I will be able to recognize and appreciate and over enjoy the outcome This world hits all of those points I have so much to say But I must for the sake of time and for the sake of yours eep this short You have already read too much about meThis book when it was released was a firecracker It was bold in its scope nearly unthinkably audacious the sort of work which was hoping to set the world at unease And it succeeded In this work Galeano condemns centuries of pillaging from one of the grand great rich continents of the world for the benefit of another outside continent and its peoples He explains how that process was essential for the fundamental advancement of that other continent how it depended on the natural resources human resources and magical resources that were discovered on that new continent to make important technological and financial advancements In this book Galeano explores how that relationship changed and altered and became and possessive to the point where the entire continent was itself a possession in the great empires of the North And in this book he was one of the first historians and perhaps the first to translate his ideas into a work produced for the public which connected the centuries of pillaging that resulted from European Empire to the contemporary problem of North American Empire in a logical and sensible and horrific progression of time and power That is over four hundred years of history covering an entire continent and of exploitation tossing in a bit of the history of two other continents as well and attempting to explain the driving narrative or challenge of millions upon millions of lives past and contemporary in the process And then it also talks about the contemporary issues of his own time When I said that this book was audacious I meant it It is unthinkably audacious And surprisingly it does all of this fairly well if not perfectly if not seamlessly it does it well That is because Galeano writes like a writer and not like a historian an at the time uniue ability and which has been eualled by few other people working in the field of studying and understanding the past He has a strong opinion about the past which is undeniable and refreshing in its way It is clear that for him as somebody with a historical mindset the past distant and near explains his life and the lives that he sees around him And we all have opinions about our lives of course and many of us develop opinions about the lives that we see around us as well be them informed or ignorant He has just taken the extra step of looking into the past lives which made his life what it was and found something there that informed and reinforced his frustration He also doesn t hide his opinion behind over written analysis and poorly constructed sentences as so many historians do and neither does he attempt to make the history any less personal than it has to be he isn t in essence attempting to be academic in his writing That said his research is uite impressive by semi academic standards well informed balanced and deeper than you would expect from most any other history book which is written for the general public In the end Galeano s contentious presentation is vindicated by his research To this end Galeano is nown as a historian poet or a poet historian That s a nice little niche that he managed to live in I think you will understand it when you read the book when you understand his language and feel the fire breathing passion that ignited its creationWhen I read this book I discovered and was reminded of a great many things about my life in Canada The wealth of my country "Is Predicated On The Poverty "predicated on the poverty other regions These regions have never benefitted from the protection of self development in uite the way that my own has and Canada and Canadian companies are actively working to ensure that those inds of economic policies never develop and that the underdeveloped countries of the work remain underdeveloped And now that I live in Colombia and have been living here for nearly a year I can see it and feel it in the air The conseuences of a systematic effort by the powers of the world to strip away the richness of this continent its cultures its peoples in an effort to destabilize them politically financially and geographically and reap all of the benefits It is obvious everywhere It is felt everywhere The English language does not communicate this or at least my command of the language doesn t You have to be here to see it and taste it the way that blood and exploitation and desperation are built into a continent that is rich beyond all possible imagination which has had its veins tapped for centuries and which still finds itself muddied in the pools of underdevelopment The North as Galeano calls us fortunate ones has been a cruel mistress a wrestling partner who is infinitely stronger
and its weight bears down on this place The North rather than its weight bears down on this place The North rather than place wins everyday in everyway possible The book isn t perfect But it doesn t need to be It is a leaping off point for an entire way of understanding the world a confirmation of things that I have imagined to be true that I have heard sailing in the air at universities and in the street and a great searing cry against the dehumanization of a continent because of the unfair distribution of international labour and trade I have so much continent because of the unfair distribution of international labour and trade I have so much read so much to learn As a side note on the afternoon that I finished reading this book I contacted a friend of mine in Canada The two of us did our graduate programs together I told him about the book told him to urgently read it when he finished his thesis told him how it changed my way of understanding Latin America and the place of underdeveloped regions in the world how it challenged some of the few remaining liberal lies that I had gestating in my brain I said to him also that this book convinced me than ever that free trade is a horrifying economic policy and must be fought In this book I read about the horrid past of an entire continent and saw the future of my country It should be read by every. Since its US debut a uarter century ago this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America It is also an outstanding political economy a social cultural narrative of the highest uality perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx Rather than chronology geography or political successions Eduardo Galeano has organized the various facets of Latin American.