Read Epub Reformation Europe's House Divided 1490 1700 Î Diarmaid MacCulloch – doctorio.us


I picked this up because I knew almost nothing about the Reformation and I felt like I should at least have the basic history straight for events which were so vital to the shaping of the modern worldAnd it mostly covered me for that He did an excellent job of putting ou inside the very alien worldviews and socio cultural arrangements of the time and illustrating just how revolutionary and sudden a change the Reformation really was He gave engaging and detailed sketches of most of the main actors involved in the religious political and cultural arenas He covered enough of the intricate theological problems which developed and were fought out but not so much as to make my eyes glaze over And he did an excellent job of taking How McGruff and the Crying Indian Changed America you down to the level of everyday people and looking at how and why they embraced such a sudden change in such a vital part of their existence and what the conseuences were for their way of life going forwardWhere he fell down just a bit was in connecting the ground level with the elite and the religious with the political and especially the military He did a good job on the elites insofar as they related to religion but the political history was pretty thin He also certainly covered all of the major conflicts of the time but they always seemed like something that happened in the background and only flashed into full view at a few crisis points I came in with a vague idea of how and why the French Wars of Religion the English Civil War and the 30 Years War were fought and left with a not much clearer oneOf course any one of those conflicts can and has merited many an extensive history of its own but I think he could have done a better job of fully describing them and linking them thoroughly and organically with the political social cultural and religious turmoil that caused and sustained them The 30 Years War especially seemed to be elided over Constraints of space were probably a big concern as the book still came in at over 700 pages but I would have rather read another 100 or so and been left with a complete pictureStill pretty minor uibbles for a book that taught me lot about a subject I came in with little background on and that had plenty of major strengths to outweigh that one notable weakness Definitely read ifou want a solid social cultural religious and basic political history of the Reformation from a modern point of view If ou re interested in the military history or in any of the specific conflicts pick up a specialized history of the case in uestion Lengthy and somewhat informed I m no expert on the Reformation hence my reading of the book but I have read around in theology and history Social BackdropMacCulloch provides extensive social and civic background to the Reformation that is invaluable He draws a confluence of courses all converging upon this varied et singular event As a social history it is superb courses all converging upon this varied The Celestial Selenite Scry (The Moon God Trilogy, yet singular event As a social history it is superb also very wonderfully shows how prior to The Reformation there were thousands of tiny little reformations Monks priests friars nuns bishops lords barons princes kings and so on a Magisterial MacCulloch s scholarship is formidable It took me a month to read andet I never felt the urge to put it away He gives in depth coverage to areas I ve read little about despite having read a lot of books about the Reformation One example I remember is a solid review of the Reformation in the Netherlands It is not an easy read but it is a worthwhile one Confronted with the challenge of writing about an era too well known Lytton Strachey advised how the explorer of the past would proceed He will row out over the great ocean of material and lower down into it here and there a little bucket which will bring up to the light of day some characteristic specimen from the far depths to be examined with a careful curiosity This magisterial history of the Reformation by Diarmaid MacCulloch is A Prolonged Exercise In Doing prolonged exercise in doing thatThis is a subject I know a thing or two about et his text is liberally sprinkled with facts insights and interpretations new to me all of it told in an off hand style that makes it seem as if he s just sitting and chatting with ou in a diffident way Yet never did I feel that his examples were mere curiosities invariably they illuminated the topic under discussionThe section of New Possibilities Paper and Printing 70 76 is a case in point Many have made the connection between the invention of movable type and the rapid spread of the ideas of Luther and other Reformers But MacCulloch thinks further The rapid proliferation of affordable books made it worthwhile to learn to read this before 1516 In turn the proliferation of profitable printers created an opportunity for new texts The modern concept of author had its birth then And it surely wasn t accidental that it was only then that the Index was created an attempt to control which of the new flood of books should not be readI also found enlightening his assertion that the Reformation can be seen as a conflict within the legacy of Augustine with Luther emphasizing the inability of a human to "Work Toward His Or "toward his or own salvation making him or her utterly dependent on God s grace while his opponents oriented themselves on Augustine s stress on the need for obedience to the church to attain salvationThe author shows throughout how much can be gained by considering how social economic and political aspects of life then factored into the Reformation et at th. At a time when men and women were prepared to kill and be killed for their faith the Protestant Reformation tore the Western world apart Acclaimed as the definitive account of these epochal events Diarmaid MacCulloch's award winning history brilliantly re creates the Reformation Europe's House Divided 1490 1700E same time maintains the centrality of theology People then "were in dead earnest about matters of beliefOne feature of the book is its continent wide scale Too often an "in dead earnest about matters of beliefOne feature of the book is its continent wide scale Too often an on German speaking Europe obscures the interesting developments to the east Another is that after 500 pages of roughly chronological treatment the author adds a section entitled Patterns of Life dealing with a variety of topics such as the use of images the frenzy with regard to witches and matters related to family and sexuality focusing both on aspects that remained the same despite the split in Western Christianity as well as what changedThis is a thick book my paperback copy has 700 pages of text set in small type supplemented by suggestions for further reading notes and an index It may be than the casual reader cares to digest But with the 500th anniversary of the outbreak of the Reformation rapidly approaching I say with confidence that if ou read only one book on the topic this would be an excellent choice Comprehensive but dry The story of the Reformation is long and complex and so are many of MacCulloch s sentences but never mind This is a rich and full account of the Reformation in which the motivations of faith and feeling power and practicality are woven fine the players in the drama are presented as whole people and the meaning of this chapter of Western cultural history is modeled in the round Rakow and Torda are meaningfully placed in it as are Calvin s two foils Michael Servetus and Marguerite de Navarre The effort of concentration sometimes demanded is relieved by memorable and meaningful stories and richly rewarded in the endMacCulloch gave me a better understanding and appreciation of two figures active in Italy during the Reformation Juan de Valdes and Reginald Pole Valdes developed a circle of friends and admirers wealthy or talented or both who shared his passion for humanist learning and his deep commitment to promoting a vital engaged Christian faith It included Bernardo Ochino Peter Martyr Vittoria Colonna Giulia Gonzaga Gasparo Contarini and Pole Pole a cousin of Henry VIII with a better claim to the English throne was in Italy because he sided with the king s wife Catherine of Aragon and was exiled Divergent themes naturally emerged from such a creative and articulate group Secret Santa (Bluegrass Brothers, yet central was a renewed emphasis on the grace which God sent through faith together with a consistent urge to reveal the Holy Spirit as the force conveying this grace so that associates of the movement were soon characterized as Spirituali Valdes believed that some favoured children of God would be led to ever deeper union with Christ and the Scriptures might not be the only or the chief illumination on the way He died in 1541 the nextear the Roman Inuisition was created and many in his circle fled Italy to influence the Reformation in Switzerland southern Germany and eastern Europe remained in Italy and was a papal legate to the Council Trent When the death of Pope Paul III offered an opportunity to turn Council of Trent When the death of Pope Paul III offered an opportunity to turn tide of authoritarianism in the Roman Church Pole was one of the favourite candidates to succeed him a tribute to the continuing respect in which he was held There were many diverse hopes invested in him too many and too diverse for his own good Even the dying Paul III had recommended him The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V approved of him because he had championed Charles s aunt Catherine of Aragon because he was of royal blood and because he was not Italian Pole s upbringing linked him to the high minded tidy minded clergy and their royal admirers who had made early Tudor England one of the best run parts of Christendom His cosmopolitan education made him a humanist scholar at the centre of a cultured international circle worthy of Erasmus His patronage and friendship had attracted some of the most creative minds of southern Europe and he was generally recognized as one of the most thoughtful churchmen of his day Perhaps only Marguerite de Navarre could rival him as a magnet for reformers who wished to remain true to the old Church Yet Pole failed the proceedings became drawn out it was one of the longest conclaves in papal history and Pole did not have the stomach for a face to face fight in such atmospheres of bitterness Once he drew back from the brink instead of seizing the hour and the last chance passed away for a Reformation such as Erasmus had sought Who knewIn portraits like these are food for thought about today s leaders and the import of their choices And of ours This was excellent readable smooth as comprehensive and unbiased as one can hope for I now understand a whole lot of things clearly and know about a host of other things of which I was ignorant I recommend this to anyone with an interest in European intellectual and social history I especially recommend it to anyone who ever thought the Reformation was boring but that they ought to know about it This is simply put the best popular history book I ve ever read The subject is the Reformation but MacCulloch goes far beyond the traditional Luther to Westphalia timeline using the first few chapters to flesh out the world of Latin Christianity as it existed during the century or so before Luther arrived on the scene Geographically the book also extends well beyond the borders of what we often view to be the main sphere of the Reformation Germany France and England to explore how the same forces for Eligious battles of priests monarchs scholars and politicians from the zealous Martin Luther and his  Ninety Five Theses to the polemical John Calvin to the radical Igantius Loyola from the tortured Thomas Cranmer to the ambitious Philip IIDrawing together the many st.

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Eform and spiritual experimentation were alive in Italy Spain and other countries usually "seen as solidly and stolidly orthodox Catholic The lands east north and south "as solidly and stolidly orthodox Catholic The lands east north and south Germany including Transylvania Bohemia the Balkans and Scandinavia are also given a much detailed examination than usualNor is this at all accidental MacCulloch is clearly determined to eliminate what he sees as blank spots and misinterpretations in the popular conception of what the Reformation was and how it came to be The role of such famous characters as Erasmus and Loyola Bethlen Gabor and Archbishop Laud are reexamined and pains are taken to give those who are often dismissed as bit characters or historical peculiarities Zwingli for example who is so often overshadowed by the well known Calvin are given back their true significance The book is thick with detail if there is a flaw to it it s that some readers may well be exhausted by the s that some readers may well be exhausted by the but it s all put together so skillfully that most readers will I think end up working their way through the whole massive tome in record timeDespite all this detail within the main text MacCulloch sets aside a few chapters at the end to deal with specific uestions gender roles and sexuality for example in a specific manner These are excellent resources and ones which would have been difficult to include in the main text without either having to dilute them considerably in order to fit with the chronological narrative of the rest of the book or breaking up the flowAll in all an excellent piece of work Considerably better in my opinion than his nevertheless uite good History of Christianity which suffers from the sheer vastness of the subject set into a single volume The Reformation on the other hand shows what MacCulloch can do with a rich but temporally limited subject and the result is a thing of beauty 500 ears after the Reformation Diarmaid MacCulloch examines how the announcement of a university seminar in Germany led to the division of Europe He examines the ideas of Martin Luther At times this book seemed like the most magisterial and thoughtful work I d ever read on religion or early modern Europe MacCulloch s descriptions of the Catholic Church before Luther and of the monumental changes in life and society after Luther are clear and beautiful examples of the history of culture and of thought simply unparalleled in any work I ve read on the subjects The middle third of the book however is an impossibly confusing welter of names and datesFirst however the good MacCulloch does a great job rehabilitating the image of the church in the 1400s Far from being corrupt and in decline he shows how people across Europe were creating new forms of worship Catholic writers like Thomas Kempis in his Imitation of Christ claimed for the first time that laypeople could have direct access to Jesus s wisdom and even mimic his spirituality and they helped inspire the Devotio Moderne movement which allowed average citizens to become involved in church practices New gilds or confraternities like the Oratories of Divine Love first in Genoa in 1497 and then in Rome in 1517 allowed non priests to express their spirituality through care of the poor and sick in original ways Priests too began to try to reach out to their flock They took note of friars Franciscans and Dominicans success in preaching and started to buy and exchange handy primers on how to sermonize They tried to become than mere illiterate ciphers from Rome but real counselors to their parish Luther in this version was just one offshoot of this combined professionalizing and paradoxically democratizing tendency As MacCulloch shows his great break with Rome over his belief of justification by faith alone was really just a cribbing from the 4th century bishop Augustine of Hippo who was also inspiring other Catholic writers of the time like Dean Colet of London The church s harsh reaction to Luther and his doctrine therefore inspired the Reformation than Luther s ideas did It then became a battle over Augustine s celebration of discipline to the holy church versus Augustine s celebration of sole fide As one writer remarked the Reformation was after all just an extended battle inside the mind of AugustineMacCulloch demonstrates how these misunderstandings and some geopolitics turned a possibly innocuous moment into a revolution but as he explains how this revolution played out he gets lost in explaining every minor prince duke bishop or earl who said or did anything about religion over 100 odd The Legacy of Aaron Geist years of European history They are then all mashed together with a bewildering series of cross references Returning to the social effects of the Reformation however the book becomes sure footed The fascinating debate over the celibacy of the clergy and how Protestant s reactions against it both ended up celebrating the family and denigrating the medieval ease with the body is well told The displacement of Mary in Protestant iconography with the biblical patriarch Abraham is one clear example of a new emphasis on male prerogative and of celebrating aged wisdom over physical presence A similar example was the new found love of beards among Protestant ministers A myriad of other facts help explain how how life large and small was changed by this crucial period in religious historySo this book will tellou a wealth of interesting things bout Europe and religion but ou might do best to just skip out the middle part. Rands of the Reformation and Counter Reformation and ranging widely across Europe and the New World MacCulloch reveals as never before how these dramatic upheavals affected everyday lives overturning ideas of love sex death and the supernatural and shaping the modern ,

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