( [Télécharger] Weaponized Lies: How to Think Critically in the Post–Truth Era ) Auteur Daniel J. Levitin – doctorio.us
Daniel J. Levitin
Read Weaponized Lies: How to Think Critically in the Post-Truth EraBe aware that this is essentially the same book as A Field Guide to Lies Critical Thinking in the Information Age published in ardcover in S Excellent book makes you think about thinking This is a useful book for this era to foster critical thinking Although some of the statistical analysis is eye glazing the examples are worth plowing through to see ow lies damn lies and statistics can be manipulated to support sketchy arguments I
VE SEEN SOME REVIEWS LAMENTING THATseen some reviews lamenting that isn t a book on the causes and nature of cognitive errors and I agree that s a fascinating subject but there are other books that address itWeaponized Lies is in essence an entertaining beginning textbook on logic fact checking critical thinking and information assessment It makes every effort to teach these things and explain their importance in a concise and entertaining way and in terms of the lay audience it seems to succeed admirably Readers already familiar with these subjects may find it a bit slow
And Those Well Versed In One Or Of These Areasthose well versed in one or of these areas even be frustrated when the book doesn t go further or even stray into areas it s not actually designed to addressDaniel J Levitin is a noted AmericanCanadian cognitive psychologist and neuroscientist He s also a musician a record producer and of course an author He s contributed to the Billboard Encyclopedia of Record Producers and edited Foundations of Cognitive Psychology Core Readings and written numerous academic articles and four bestsellers to dateThe first two bestsellers were on music and the mind which is not surprising as Levitin is a noted expert in the field of music perception and cognition but these books ave a very broad footprint touching on social behaviour the development and evolution of language and His third bestseller essentially seeks to explain ow the brain works Perfect Justice (Ben Kencaid, how we perceive and think and to teachow to do so clearly and efficiently Weaponized Lies seems to be a natural progression of this line of thought addressing a cluster of cognitive issues that may together constitute most people s greatest obstacle to effective thinkingIn terms of scope Weaponized Lies could be used as a secondary or possibly even primary textbook for a 100 level class on information analysis critical thinking and logic While this isn t a journal of groundbreaking research and theory and there s no invention of original academic thought in this book it s treatment of the various ways we infer or are led to erroneous knowledge are thorough concise and well illustratedThe fact that such a large percentage of Americans could benefit substantially by reading and comprehending Weaponized Lies is a reflection of why this book is needed than of it s startling academic originality it s most original contribution may well be the efforts undertaken to make the subject matter interesting to the lay readerThough it occupies a popular science market niche that Weaponized Lies was written by a serious academic is clearly evident in the supporting material supplied The final forty pages of the book fifteen percent of its vol. Previously Published as A Field Guide to LiesWere surrounded byfringe theories fake news and pseudo facts These lies are getting repeated New York Times bestselling author Daniel Levitin shows The Literary Relationship of Lord Byron and Thomas Moore how to disarm these socially devastating inventions and get the American mind back on track Here are the fundamental lessons in critical thinking that we need to know and share now Investigating numerical misinformation Daniel Levitin showsow mishandled statistics and graphs can give a grossly distorted perspective and le. .
Ume is an appendix on the application of Bayes s rule a glossary notes on sources acknowledgements and an extensive indexThe notes section is particularly extensive as well at nineteen pages separated by chapter and including discussion and expanded sources the author found after the main writing of the book The sources for each statistic used in an illustration or example are cited and in most cases Levetin uses relevant and interesting sources such as the Department of Education the Bureau of Labor Statistics the Centers for Disease Control the Congressional Budget Office and census dot gov He uses real world stories from major news sources such as the New York Times the L A Times US News the Washington Post the Christian Science Monitor and so on He also cites numerous academic texts and popular science books including but in no way limited to Suggestions for Marketing Small Timber his ownWhile there s little danger of bias in a factual text about the assessment of information statistics logic and so on Levitin actually addresses the biggest risk of bias in that area in a section titled Belief Perseverance which discusses confirmation bias and the difficulty of objectively assessing and accepting new information that contradicts previouslyeld beliefs Simply
BEING MADE AWARE OF THE WAYSmade aware of the ways are subjected to falsehood innocently and intentionally doesn t mean we can easily avoid and dismiss it To do so for most all people reuires vigilance and significant effortMany people today feel a New Exploration heightened desire or an unusually elevated need to be able to find the actual truth Weaponized Lies doesn t teach people to find the truth that s a broader process and skill set but an important part of finding the truth is detecting and identifying untruth I would certainly suggest this book to those seeking to strengthen their ability to spot errors and falsehoods in information intentional and unintentional from government information to comments of politicians and political pundits from advertisements to documentaries to news from to social media to blog posts to online video and podcastsReaders may find themselves wishing for discussion of whyumans are so prone to accepting and even embracing false information on cognition and cognitive science and less on raw process as the title might imply The areas are touched on but they re easy to miss because they re incidental explanations appended to or enhancing a discussion of ow to spot false information or
Test It S Veracityit s veracity than a full section on why and ow the uman mind is very prone to making a particular error of judgement brief mention of that tendency is made to reinforce the need for vigilancePut simply this book would make a beneficial addition to almost anyone s reading list For those with an academic or autodidactic background in logic fallacy and critical thinking and one needs only read one or two debates on social media to see that a uge number of thinking and one needs only read one or two debates on social media to see that a The Ecology, Exploitation and Conservation of River Turtles huge number of count themselves in this category areas that explain topics particularly familiar to you may seem tedious but other parts will be new and even in those familiar areas. Ad us to terrible decisions Wordy arguments on the otherand can easily be persuasive as they drift away from the facts in an appealing yet misguided way The steps we can take to better evaluate news advertisements and reports are clearly detailed Ultimately Levitin turns to what underlies our ability to determine if something is true or false the scientific method He grapples with the limits of what we can and cannot know Case studies are offered to demonstrate the applications of logical thinking to uite varie. .
It s difficult to think of any time in Medicine and Religion humanistory that
PROVIDED GREATER IMPETUS TO BRUSH UPgreater impetus to brush up logic fact checking critical thinking and information assessment than the present I ave read numerous books on this subject Many of them
have too many errors focus on trivial considerations or arcane mathematical technicalities and few cover the importanttoo many errors focus on trivial considerations or arcane mathematical technicalities and few cover the important of applying critical thinking not only to numbers but words logic reasoning protocol etc Given that this is one of the very best books on the topic I ave read yetI really liked the author splitting Valentino his subject in three main categories 1 evaluating numbers 2 evaluating words 3ow the scientific method works Each section covers its respective subject in a thorough and entertaining wayWithin the evaluating numbers section the author covers all the ways in which visual uantitative data graphs can fool you You really ave to watch very carefully the scale of the X and Y axes to understand if someone is trying to trick you The author does a good job of explaining the difference between correlation and causation and ow not to confuse the two He also warns you not to confuse what is tested as statistically significant and yet can be immaterial small differences pop up as statistically significant that Shunned have little bearing on the outcome when youave very large samples The author also warns against extrapolating trends especially when you go outside the boundaries of the variable values you observed within the learning sample of your data set The author covers well the various biases and errors that can affect sampling participation bias reporting bias etc The chapter on probabilities is excellent with a well defined differentiation between classic probabilities freuentist probabilities and Bayesian probabilitiesWithin the evaluating words section the author warns about understanding the actual domain narrowness of experts He does a good job of explaining the difference between incidence and prevalence rate He provides a very good coverage on behavioral risk perception that is so detached from probabilistic thinkingWithin the scientific method section the author defines the different types of reasoning deduction induction abduction He also covers logic and logic notation He also covers in greater detail Bayesian statistics The latter is a subject that permeates every section of the book And Craving (Willow Creek, he does a good job of explaining Bayes thanks tois four uadrant framework that is really Oba, the Last Samurai helpful in calculating the related Bayesian statisticsThe author makes just one small error wheree confuses R Suare with R correlation R Suare explains ow much the variance in one variable can be explained by the other variable meanwhile r simply tells you other variable Meanwhile R simply tells you strength and the direction of the relationship between those two variables Also remember R is often negative so the explanation bit ere not only is wrong but is divergent meanwhile R Suare can t be negative by definition This is a minor typo I know the author knows that stuff One math typo in a 250 page book is far better than most books on the subject. D settings spanning courtroom testimony medical decision making magic modern physics and conspiracy theoriesThis urgently needed book enables us to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection As Levitin attests Truth matters A post truth era is an era of willful irrationality reversing all the great advances umankind as made Euphemisms like fringe theories extreme views alt truth and even fake news can literally be dangerous Let's call lies what they are and catch those making them in the ac.
Daniel J. Levitin